What’s Going On With Iran?

The Iran nuclear deal has been a major topic of discussion during the current presidential primary and on major news stations. So why are people so up in arms? For future reference, here are four key points you should know about the Iran nuclear deal:

  1. Sanctions Relief

Since the hostage crisis in 1979, the international community has been wary of Iran. As a result, the US, the UK, and the UN have all implemented economic sanctions against the country for multiple reasons, one of them being the Iranian government’s alleged attempts to use the nuclear resources militarily. According to this deal, once Iran addresses the needs of the international community to reduce the size of its nuclear program, those particular sanctions will be removed. Otherwise known as implementation day, this may result in a more prosperous Iranian economy in the near future. Keep in mind, the sanctions specifically targeting terrorism and human rights violations still exist.

  1. Inspections

As part of this deal, Iran has agreed to a limited monitoring of their nuclear program. Hundreds of inspectors will have access to parts of Iran’s nuclear program for up to 25 years to assess whether or not they are functioning within protocol. However, many of these inspections, especially those relating to documents and the military, were big issues in the negotiations. In the end, Iran agreed to inspection; however, the process is difficult as the inspectors will often have to go through a lengthy approval process that can take up to 25 days.

  1. Uranium

Because of this deal, Iran has agreed to reduce the amount of uranium they possess by almost 75%. The first couple of decades, Iran will not be allowed to actually test uranium, and once they gain that capability, it’s in very limited amounts that theoretically won’t pose as a threat.

  1. Plutonium

One of the most crucial parts of this deal was convincing Iran to reduce its plutonium production. As a result, Iran has agreed to sell/redesign its water generators so that they no longer produce plutonium… for a while.

Overall, Iran did end up giving up some ground. These negotiations have been hailed as some of the most successful conversations the United States and Iran have undergone in years. “The comprehensive long-term deal that we achieved with our allies and partners to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon represents a powerful display of American leadership and diplomacy,” said President Obama in a recent White House press conference.

However, many still remain skeptical over whether or not they will be successful in actually deterring an Iranian nuclear threat. “The nuclear agreement announced by the Obama Administration today is a dangerous, deeply flawed, and short sighted deal,” countered former Florida governor Jeb Bush.